Jeep Tours in Mongolia

Nomads Culture Tours

Luxury Tours in Mongolia

Budget Tours in Mongolia. Golden eagle festival

tergel sar

tsagaan sar

altai kazakh eagle festival

mongolian luxury tours

mongolian tours budget

golden gobi tour

jeep tour in mongolia

chingis khan’s home land

naadam tour

discover mongolia jeep tour

adventure jeep tour

hunting tour

nomadic home stay

rain deer tour

horse tour

and many more.

About country

Location: Mongolia is located in Central Asia, with Russia bordering to the North and China to the South. Border line with Russia is 3485 km. and with China is 4677 km.

Surface area: 1.569.500 square km

Population: 3 million

Growth rate: 1.4%

Population concentration: 1.6 people per square km

Capital city: Ulaanbaatar (1,4 million inhabitants)

Type of Governance: democratically elected parliament

Administrative structure: Central state, divided into 21 Aimags/ Province / which are subdivided into Soums.

Average height: 1.500 m above sea level

Highest elevation: 4.560 m above sea level

Climate: Semi-arid continental, about 250 days of sun per year. In the winter, temperatures reach -28C, and in the summer spike to 25 C. The climate is extremely dry.

 

Ethnic groups: 85 % of Khalkh Mongol, 7.0% Kazak, and 8 % other

Language: 95 % of the population speaks Mongolian;  Russian, English, German, and Korean are also spoken.

Religion: 53 % Buddhist, 3 % Muslim, 4% Christ, 3% Shamanism

Holidays: New Year 1st January, New Lunar Year in February, Naadam-festival July 11-13, Independence Day November 26.

Time zone: +8 GMT

Exports: Cashmere, wool, skins, copper and molybdenum concentrate, fluorspar, coal, gold

Imports: Petroleum products, consumer goods and industrial equipment

National Flag description: Three equally wide, vertical bands of red (hoist side), blue, and red; centered on the hoist-side red band in yellow is the national emblem (“Soyombo” - a columnar arrangement of abstract and geometric representation for fire, sun, moon, earth, water, and the yin-yang symbol)’

Mongolian brief history

700, OOB. C.: First signs of  human activity in present day Mongolia

Circa 200 B.C.: Hunnu Empire established 552 to circa

900 A.D. Syanbu State, Jujian State, Turkic Khaganate, Uighur

Khaganate.

900 to 1100: Kidan Empire 1162: Temuujin is bom

1196 to 1205: Temuujin unites Mongol tribes, founds Great Mongolian State and is proclaimed Great Chinggis Khaan 1206: Proclamation of Mongol Empire. Chinggis Khaan starts military campaigns 1207: First attack on Tanguts

1209: Attack on northern China and Kharakhita Empire.

1211: Chinggis Khaan leads invasion of Eastern Turkestan Khanate

1218: Attacks on Horesm Shaah State, Samarkand and Buhara

1221 to 1223: Mongols invade Azerbaijan, Georgia and Crimea

1125 to 1227; Military campaigns in Russia and Bulgaria along the Volga and Kama rivers

1227: Successful second attack on

Tangut Empire.

1227: Chinggis Khaan dies.

1234: Chinggis Khaan’s sons Zuch, Tsagaadai, Ogoidei and Tului divide conquered territories and continue military campaigns.

1235: Mongol capital moved to Kharkhorum

1236 to 1240: Marco Polo arrives in Kharakhorum

1244 to 1252: Chinggis Khaan's grandson Batu conquers Ryasan. Vladimir  and Kiev. The Turkish and Iranian Empires are also attacked.

1254: Franciscan monk Wilhelm Dubuque, envoy of  French King

Louis IX, arrives in Kharakhorum

1258: Conquered Korea

1260: Kublai becomes Khaan of Mongolia

1380 to 1388: Chinese troops invade Mongolia and sack Kharakhorum

1400 to 1460: Tribal wars

1578: Altan Khaan converts to Buddhism

1639: Zanabazar proclaims head of Buddhism in Mongolia and is

Given the Tibetan name  Luvsandambijantsan. He declares Urge

(Now called Ulaanbaatar) as his residence.

1691: Manchu Empire conquers Mongolia

1754 to 1900: Various anti—Manchurian uprisings are suppressed

1911: Independence from China and proclamation of  Bogd Gegeen monarchy

1919: China invades Mongolia

1921: With Russian support, Sukhbaatar claims Mongolian independence from China

1924: Bogd Khaan dies

1940: Soviet repression: over 700 temples razed and 30.000 monks killed

1939: Battle at KhalhiinGol River between Soviet-Mongolia and Japanese forces 1991: Soviet Union implodes

1992: New constitution adopted and true independence arrives: